𝐅𝐨𝐧𝐢𝐨 is botanically known as 𝐃𝐢𝐠𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐫𝐢𝐚 𝐞𝐱𝐢𝐥𝐢𝐬. It is also referred to as 𝐟𝐢𝐧𝐝𝐢 or 𝐟𝐮𝐧𝐝𝐢 in areas of #Africa, such as The Gambia, with English common names white 𝐟𝐨𝐧𝐢𝐨, 𝐟𝐨𝐧𝐢𝐨 𝐦𝐢𝐥𝐥𝐞𝐭, and 𝐡𝐮𝐧𝐠𝐫𝐲 𝐫𝐢𝐜𝐞 or 𝐚𝐜𝐡𝐚 𝐫𝐢𝐜𝐞. It is a grass specie.
It has health benefits, because it is rich in energy, iron, aids digestion and cardiovascular function, good for diabetics, gluten-free diet, an excellent meal for weight loss, good for the skin and also hair formation Fonio has a lower glycemic index (GI) than couscous and brown rice, and has a low-impact on blood sugar.
According to a Nigerian study. Researchers fed fonio meal to participants with type 2 diabetes as well as healthy volunteers and determined its GI is 𝟒𝟗 and 𝟑𝟓, respectively.
Acha is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, fibre, carbohydrate, protein, amino acids containing methionine and cysteine.